North coast church lgbtq

Weight Loss Support for Kiwis

2015.01.21 01:01 PavementFuck Weight Loss Support for Kiwis

Weight loss support for Kiwis including recipes, fitness discussions, and shameless transformation selfies.

2023.03.21 21:36 Stunning-Practice160 Florida Gulf Coast was a 16 seed and won their conference to get the auto bid

Florida Gulf Coast was a 16 seed and won their conference to get the auto bid submitted by Stunning-Practice160 to CampusDynasty [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 21:20 Lowkey_Iconoclast Jeffrey R. Holland is not being cancelled. He already has a huge platform as an Apostle.

The man is one of the top leaders for one of the wealthiest organizations in the world. He had incredible influence for millions of members of the Church. He is a very privileged individual who already speaks with many people listening to his words.
If he is disinvited to SUU, it is in no way a violation of his free speech or cancelling his career. He would lose no sleep over it. Meanwhile, vulnerable LGBTQ+ students do not share his access to a huge platform to represent themselves. This is not a free speech issue; this is an issue of justice and safety for a marginalized group that has been attack by this man.
submitted by Lowkey_Iconoclast to exmormon [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 21:16 gyuri2022 World Happiness Report 2023: Magyarország a világ 51. legboldogabb országa. Románia a 24.

World Happiness Report 2023: Magyarország a világ 51. legboldogabb országa. Románia a 24.
A közép-európai térségben sem állunk túl jól boldogsággal: Csehország a világ 18. legboldogabb országa, Szlovénia a 22., Románia a 24, Slovákia a 29, Lengyelország pedig a 39. helyen áll.
Oroszország a 70. helyen áll a boldogság-skálán, Ukrajna a 92.-en.
A világ két legboldogtalanabb országa a tavalyi és idei jelentés szerint Pakisztán és Nigéria.
submitted by gyuri2022 to hungary [link] [comments]


In our efforts to preserve a record of first-hand accounts from those who have left Network Churches, we have created a new page on our site to preserve online reviews from former attenders of Nick Sellers' North Pines Church in Portage (Kalamazoo), Michigan. As more reviews are added we will continue to update this page.
This page is accessible from our "Stories" page alongside similar consolidated review pages from other Network churches.
Google review from a former attender of North Pines Church
These reviews matter because they corroborate the manipulative, abusive, and harmful practices which are documented throughout this site. We have chosen to surface these reviews because they give further voice to victims and provide additional reassurance to anyone who has experienced abuse within these high control groups that they are not alone.
NOTE: We do not surface all negative reviews which have been posted to crowdsourced review sites. Rather, we have selected entries which bear witness to the pattern of behaviors outlined in our article "8 Signs of a Dysfunctional Church".
submitted by LeavingTheNetwork to leavingthenetwork [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 20:50 outsideleyla Need feedback! On my wonky, maybe overambitious 9-day itinerary in early August

Need feedback! On my wonky, maybe overambitious 9-day itinerary in early August
So this trip to Iceland has been on the top of the bucket list for both my partner and me for years now! We're extremely excited and a big focus of the trip will be photography. We kind of assume we'll want to go back a second (and third?) time because we know there's too much to fit in even with the number of days we have. A note about my itinerary...I booked our rooms a couple of months ago and I was surprised at how quickly hotels were filling up even though I had been prepped on that aspect of traveling to Iceland. So, I kind of booked what I could around the Ring Road based on what was available and knowing we'd want to linger in the Snaefellsness Peninsula area. A breakfast buffet will be included at all of our stays.
So, there's one day of traveling that will be pretty grueling - Day 4 when we have to drive from Skaftafell to Husavik - and fit in a 2-mile hike. Total driving time is 8 hours. But, we want to be in Husavik so we'll be close to the Myvatn sites the next day. The rest of the trip has more of a leisurely pace, especially once we reach the Snaefellsnes Peninsula. If any of you know of particularly interesting or fun activities to insert on Day 8, I'd love the input.
Any feedback is very much appreciated and feel free to point out anything y'all think I should know!
submitted by outsideleyla to VisitingIceland [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 20:22 LanceLePants [PC][PS][XB] The Neon District Is Growing

We are The Neon District.

We are all inclusive and stand in support of our LGBTQ+.
We believe in mutual respect. Ego will be left at the door.
We believe in playing to the best of our ability and lifting one another up whenever we can.

While our member count is more reserved, this is by design.We believe in quality over quantity. We are looking for folks equally invested in themselves as they are invested in being an active Member of our Community.
Our Members and Clan Guests are as excited to improve as they are to sharing what they know. Our Community is a collaboration of ideas and personalities with a focus on maintaining the peace and benefiting from what we put into it.
We also believe in a healthy gameplay balance, taking breaks, and of course playing a slew of other Multiplayer games together within our Discord Server.

Our Clan continues to actively max out its Weekly Clan XP, and are consistently engaged and responsive within our Discord Server when new content is active.
If you are an experienced player interested in joining a dedicated and active group of players that are kind, empathetic, supportive, knowledgeable, and mature when its needed, this may be the Clan for you!
We are also interested in expanding upon our established Sherpa group with players ready to go to the next level!

We are 18+ only. All system platforms welcome.We are active and organize across all North American Time Zones, but are welcome to anyone flexible enough to join us.We all have day jobs and are primarily active more during the evenings.We use Discord exclusively for organizing and communicating.This is a requirement.

We are looking for experienced players that own the latest expansions and have a thirst for end-game content.
Please follow the Discord link below to join the Server and meet the Admin to get started!
All applicants must also apply to the Clan in tandem to joining the Server. All players are verified before remaining access to Server is provided.
submitted by LanceLePants to DestinyClanFinder [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 20:16 12nb34 This war is the Viking version of I'm very busy/Corona is not interesting 🙂

This war is the Viking version of I'm very busy/Corona is not interesting 🙂 submitted by 12nb34 to punishment_panic [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 20:05 Nightmare_Siren6 Unique? coffee place suggestions

Moved here recently from the west coast and I miss Dutch bros! Those of you who know what it is, are there any comparable places around the Atlanta area? I’m on the north east side about an hour out but I am craving it! For those who don’t know what it is, it’s like a coffee shop but they make customized energy drink infused drinks. Lots of different flavors, syrups, and toppings to put in your drink. It’s so yummy! I’m desperate! 🤣
submitted by Nightmare_Siren6 to Atlanta [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 19:07 droidworkerbee [M4A] A New Minister, An Old Congregant

Sunlight filtered in through the high up stained glass windows, through the leaves of the sugar maples outside that may very well predate some of the first British settlers to North America. Though the old stone church wasn’t built by the Waterbury Unitarian Fellowship, it was purchased some sixty years ago in a time when church enrollment was in a state of flux. The Unitarians, who at the time were still merging with the Universalists, offered an alternative approach towards a faith community. One rooted in personal growth, the democratic process, and a broad approach to faith traditions that didn’t pigeonhole it into only the Bible, or only the New Testament. It took hold well in New England, scattered a bit throughout the states, and managed to find wayward souls who’d grown up disillusioned with churches, betrayed or otherwise cast out.
That was how Walter McDonald came to find it in the summer of 1963. Fresh out of Vietnam with a medical discharge, he moved near to back home for lack of options but wanted to associate with nothing that led him down the path to killing strange souls halfway across the world he had no qualms with. Catching shrapnel in his leg and having to use a cane, even at the spry age of 22, almost seemed like a blessing to get him out of that godforsaken place. But he couldn’t go back to his parents’ home, nor to his friends who had Kennedy’s back in his escalation. That being said, he felt odd about not being in church on Sunday morning, and it was something he missed.
His first Sunday had been something of a revelation. Instead of an organ and choir, a young man played Woody Guthrie up on the stage. A minister, wearing a sportcoat and jeans in place of robes, talked about peace and love, and only kind of vaguely related it towards Jesus but also the Buddha. Intrigued was a good word for Walter, and so he kept coming back. And back. And before long, he’d found his community. Never thought he’d have settled in with a group of hippies who seemed really close with communists and homosexuals and the like, but at the end of the day, they were good people, and did indeed make him think about his life and how to be better without the threat of hellfire and damnation that had been the hallmark of the protestant church of his youth.
Sixty years in the same place is a long time. The stained glass had been cleaned, repaired in spots, but as he sat and looked up at it, now with bifocals, from the same pew back near the sound engineer’s booth he sat in every Sunday, the artistry and craftsmanship still gave him a little awe. In those sixty years, he’d found friends. Fellowship. Joined rallies, protested for the rights of people across the globe and in his community that were downtrodden. He’d dined in friends’ homes, met and gained respect for people from all walks of life. He’d met a woman, fell in love, but then fell out of it before they could stand at the front of this sanctuary and be wed. And now, in his 83rd year, the groups of people he’d known during his time there as easily the longest tenured member of the church dwindled. Every funeral held with it a sort of status check for those who remained. Who’d gone into assisted living. Home hospice. Who wasn’t doing so well. Though he recorded the names in the Book of Life, the little offering for what was going on in the lives of the community, he knew that fewer and fewer knew the names of those that had passed.
After moving back home, his injury took away several opportunities for work. However, being a jeweler afforded him some comfort in sitting and working on a craft. He’d done that for decades, finally retiring when his hands and eyes were ready to give out. He’d taken on a project of chronicling the history of this congregation that had given him a place to matter for so long. He had a purpose, at least one he’d made for himself, one that he deemed mattered to every new minister that came in these doors.
He’d seen perhaps a dozen full time ministers in his day. Some were only there for a year or two, perhaps on a contract until they could find a position closer to their home. Others came and made a living of it, ending their tenure when they and the congregation could no longer move forward together (a very nice way of naming a breakup, or a divorce). This summer, the current board president (a position Walter had held at two different points in time) made an announcement: another new minister. The younger man seemed excited, as did the small committee that had done the hiring. And good on them. They deserved to have that feeling of success.
Not that Walter wished this new minister ill. Not at all. This was becoming a trying place for him, as was the world at large. Change seemed faster than he wanted to admit, as robotic phone calls and problematic housework made his decision to live alone into his 80s with no surviving kin (his will detailed personal effects going to a nephew, oldest child of his only sister, herself passed on) one that almost made the question of “when?” loom closer. His only real solace was that, using walking assistance for so long, he’d gotten fairly adept at needing help, and was a bit better prepared to avoid common slips and falls in his home.
No, this new minister would come in. Have their own ideas of what to do with the congregation. The building. Maybe they’d discuss selling and moving once again; it had been discussed before. Perhaps they were old, young, man, woman, trans, gay, straight… to be fair, there had been some meetings with this person, but Walter didn’t get out much. He also didn’t say much, but when he did in a congregational meeting, his words carried some weight still. He’d gotten a voice mail from that same president, said the new minister would want to meet him, and it was important to them. And that’s a nice thought, sure. But who was he? A relic. He wasn’t the person this new minister needed to be worried about. Before long he’d be dead and gone, and the minister would need to worry about the families with kids and the high donors. He’d made his peace with the closing of his days at Waterbury.

Hello, and thanks for reading all of that today! It’s more of a backstory and setup for the character I intend to write, Walter, opposite your minister character. I have left the creation of that character entirely up to you, and hopefully created a space where any of those sorts of people would fit into that role nicely. I invite you to create a character that you’d like to write as in that role, not what you think I’d like to see opposite Walter.
The above would be a longer than usual post for me. In general, when I’m writing back and forth with a partner, depending on the flow of conversation I might write 3-5 paragraphs. I prefer to write here on Reddit via DM (though I’m okay with using chat as an organizational measure, I’d rather not have the meat of the roleplay there). I would rather not write on Discord.
I’d be open to hearing from partners one of several things related to this prompt. If you were interested and wanted to write a little intro of yourself to the congregation imagined above, that would be lovely. If you’d like to talk a bit about the scenario and setup, that would also be a good way for us to get to know one another before writing. It would be good to have a little chat up front about our expectations for this roleplay, what we’d like to each see out of it, and so forth. I don’t have a defined end point in mind, and tend to enjoy seeing where my partner and I carry a narrative naturally.
I look forward to writing with you in the coming days. If you’ve made it this far, I hope you drop a line! If not, have a great day regardless.
submitted by droidworkerbee to AdvancedLiterateRP [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 18:53 Majestic-Session-740 Asking for some rough advice from some folks with a similar experience to mine.

What will be my rough spending power if I: -Graduate from a 4 year college after community college transfer with minimal debt, (likely under 10k). -Go into Active service for 2 years with the coast guard to pay off the rest. -Enter the workforce with a salary of around 60-80k per year, in the agricultural eco business sector. -I’m a pretty frugal guy, but I really want to actually own property, and a plot of land in my future, and spend on things that really fulfill me.
Where I am right now: -I’m in the middle of my 2nd term of community college. -I live with my parents, don’t spend a dime on bills or food. - I’m working 20hrs a week at a fast food job in north-central California. -I have a few mutual funds open, and some ETFS. -my family has a good deal of $ set for my transfer as well.
Are things looking up for an 18 yo, middle class zoomer?
submitted by Majestic-Session-740 to personalfinance [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 18:52 nostone3241 The connection between Freemasonry, Indian residential schools, the Indian wars, the Indian removal act, the Indian act and the Indians-as-Israelites theory.

My name is Thomas Saul, I am a member of the Skatin Nations tribe in British Columbia, Canada. I am of Salish, and European descent. I began this project around May 2021 when news broke about the Kamloops residential school where the remains of 215 children were allegedly found. As a teenager I briefly Attended Norkam secondary in Kamloops, and have friends and family who still live in Kamloops, so this hit close to home. Upon my research into The origin of this residential school I found that Israel wood Powell, a Freemason, was the Indian Superintendent at the time it was built. Four generations of my family attended residential schools, some in Port Alberni and some Mission City, so naturally I wanted to know more. I have come to the conclusion that Colonisation, Freemasonry, and residential schools go hand in hand. Its a Fact, both the United States and Canada would not exist without Freemasonry, Therefore many Freemasons played a leading role in the genocide of Indigenous Americans. “Freemasonry, as it exists in various forms all over the world, has a membership estimated at around 6 million worldwide.”
Genocide: The UN definition, which is used in international law, states that genocide is: "any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group," as such:(a) "Killing members of the group;"(b) "Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;"(c) "Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;"(d) "Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;"(e) "Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group."
The supreme governor of the Church of England is the head of the Church of England, a position which is vested in the British monarch. The father of the Royal Proclamation of 1763 King George III was not a Freemason, George III had announced that the colonies would no longer seize Native lands or purchase them without treaties. Starting in 1763, no English settlers could legally travel through or acquire land west of the Appalachian Mountains. The proclamation specifically stated that Native Americans had been subject to “great Frauds and Abuses” and that their sovereignty should be protected. Freemason Thomas Jefferson in his list of 27 grievances accused the king saying “He has excited domestic Insurrections among us, and has endeavoured to bring on the Inhabitants of our Frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known Rule of Warfare, is an undistinguished Destruction, of all Ages, Sexes, and Conditions.’’ Thomas Jefferson did this to build support for the revolutionary act that the Declaration of Independence would represent. It was suspected that the Freemasons were behind the Boston Tea Party, the American War of Independence, the french revolution, and Napoleonic France triggering British prime minister William Pitt’s, the Unlawful Societies Act of 1799 where he aimed to see Freemasonry abolished. Some Freemasons addressed Pitt explaining how vast their membership is and its connection to Royalty and As a result, Freemasons were excluded from the Act, but lodges were obliged to return a list of members to the local Clerk of the Peace every year, which are recorded in the Quarter Sessions.1. King George IV reigned from the death of George III until 1830, he was the first of many British Freemason kings and was the head of the Anglican church. William IV, Edward VII, Edward VIII, George VI were also masons. In the 209 years since the Union of the Premier and Ancient Grand Lodges to form the United Grand Lodge of England, a member of the Royal Family has been its Grand Master for more than 150.
A Freemason warrant of constitution is the Document which authorizes or gives a Warrant to certain persons therein named to organize and constitute a Lodge, Chapter, or other Masonic Body. The first Warrant for a military Lodge was issued by the Grand Lodge of Ireland in 1732 to the First British Foot Regiment. Within a few years the Grand Lodge of Scotland and both the Grand Lodge of England, Modern and Ancient were issuing Warrants to military Lodges. In 1733, 18 men gathered at the Bunch of Grapes Tavern on King Street in Boston and organized the first Masonic Lodge in North America. The first record of a military Lodge Warrant being issued in the new world happened during the French and Indian Wars. It was issued by the then Provincial Grand Master at Boston to the 28th British Foot in an expedition against the French at Crown Point. Edward Cornwallis became founder in December 1748, of a military Lodge in his regiment, the 20th. Foot, No. 63, on the registry of the Grand Lodge of Ireland. The warrant was issued to Lord George Sackville, Lieut. Col. The Hon. Edward Cornwallis and Captain Milburne. When in 1759 this famous regiment gained new honors at the battle of Minden, that name was immediately adopted as the name of the lodge. Cornwallis’ second lodge was founded in Halifax early in 1750 or possibly earlier, under a “deputation” or dispensation from Major Erasmus James Philipps of the 40th. Regiment at Annapolis Royal, Provincial Grand Master for Nova Scotia under Henry Price of Boston. Of this lodge, known as the First Lodge, Cornwallis was the first Master. Cornwallis In October 1749, issued an order that came to be known as the Scalping Proclamation. His government would pay a bounty to anyone who killed a Mi’kmaq adult or child in a bid to drive them off mainland Nova Scotia.
Sir William Johnson, an agent for the British Indian Department met Joseph Brant, a 9-year-old Mohawk boy while doing a land deal with Joseph's father King Hendrick. Sir William eventually started a common-law relationship with Joseph's sister Molly giving him incredible power over her tribe. Johnson groomed young Joseph Brant to become a loyal warrior and eventually leader of the six nations tribe. At 13 years old Joseph accompanied Johnson on his first tour with the military. Missionary Samuel Occham, a student of Eleazar Wheelock (father of The Great Awakening) procured a 19-year-old Joseph Brant to attend Moore's Indian charity school in Lebanon Connecticut with the blessings and charity of William Johnson. Freemasons Benjamin Franklin and Benedict Arnold had also donated money to Wheelock’s cause. William was the British Crown's first superintendent of Indian Affairs for the colony in 1756 and Joseph Brant was appointed as a captain in the Indian Department. Many Freemason colonists were high-ranking military who waged many wars on the Indigenous American population, scientists say so many Indigenous people were killed as a result of colonization it caused a mini ice age. After the North American wars, many Freemasons took positions as Indian agents helping to remove and segregate the native population. Anyone who wanted access to the six nations had to go through Indian agent Sir William Johnson and his family which includes the Brant family and the Kerr family through various marriages. At one point Johnson proposed that the moor's Indian Charity School move from Lebanon, Connecticut, to Johnstown but it never happened. Eventually, Johnson withdrew the support for Wheelock. In a letter Wheelock had suggested to Lord Dartmouth "The Nations will not make war with us while their Children, and especially the Children of their chiefs are with us” Dartmouth college claims that In 1766, Johnson was invited to join the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG), the largest and most influential Anglican missionary society in the 18th-century British-Atlantic world. He began working to place Anglican missionaries like Freemason and bishop Charles Inglis, rather than Congregationalist and Presbyterian ones, among the Six Nations. I believe Moore's dubbed “the great design” was the original model for the Mohawk Institute and the Canadian residential school system.
On April 10, 1766 Sir William Johnson was raised to the position of Master Mason of St Patrick's Lodge No. 4 where many Freemason Indian agents like John Butler, Guy Johnson, Sir John Johnson, William Johnson Kerr, Christian Daniel Claus, Gilbert Tice, George Croghan and A protégé of Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, Rev. Samuel Kirkland attended. In 1770 Johnson's fellow St Patrick's lodge Freemason Rev. Samuel Kirkland coincidentally parted ways with Wheelock and Moors charity school. Eventually Kirkland founded the Hamilton-Oneida Academy as a boys' school in central New York. In 1776 Joseph Brant was initiated into the Freemason fraternity in London England where it is rumoured a benefactor of Moors charity school king George III gave Brant his masonic apron. When Brant returned to Canada he became affiliated with Lodge No. 11 at the Mohawk village on the Grand River, of which he was the first Worshipful Master, and later affiliated with Barton Lodge No. 10. Joseph Brant invited fellow Freemason and grandson of Eleazar Wheelock to be a minister to the Mohawk. To Joseph It was imperative that Freemason Rev. Davenport Phelps was made minister of the Mohawks, so he reminded the Bishop, through Sir John, of the pledge which the Archbishop of Canterbury had made to him in the presence of the King, that whenever the Indians, by the erection of a church, should be ready for religious instruction, he would do all in his power to supply their wants. A Freemason named Rev. Robert Addison helped make this happen. Mr Addison, a relative of William Johnson, had been minister to the Six Nations and Joseph Brant and Freemason John Norton were his translators. Freemason Reverend Davenport Phelps and Jarvis Wheelock, the brother of Eleazar, were invited to Canada and granted land by Freemason and founder of the family compact John Graves Simcoe, the man behind the Simcoe patent. Mrs Simcoe in her Diary says, “In April of the following year Mary Brant (sister of Freemason Joseph Brant and common-law wife of Freemason Indian agent Sir William Johnson) successfully prescribed a favourite Indian remedy, the root of sweet flag (acorus calamus), for Governor Simcoe, who had been extremely ill with a persistent cough. The medicine relieved his malady “in a very short time. This brought the Brant family and Simcoe family close together. Davenport Phelps became the Worshipful Master of The Barton Lodge under Freemason William Jarvis and he was the first chaplain at the Mohawk Chapel. Davenport was the leader of many Indian agents who were members of The Barton Lodge. I suspect Davenport's mission was to help with the so-called Indian problem.
Chief Joseph Brant has been accused on many occasions of selling off land for his own enrichment and in a lot of cases he sold land to Freemasons. He granted 999-year leases to many families, the Nelles, the Young’s, the families of Adam Young UE, his three sons, Lieutenant John Young (Indian department) UE, Sergeant Daniel Young UE, and Private Henry Young UE, along with Captain Henry William Nelles UE and his families (Rev. Abraham Nelles). Many of these Indian agents were members of The Barton Lodge. Both Captain Henry William Nelles UE and Adam Young UE, fourth great-grandfather of Robert Collins McBride UE, were also the first Freemasons to settle in Haldimand County. Freemasons Robert Kerr and Rev. Robert Addison, William Kennedy Smith, also had land there. "There were very few outright legal sales of our land; 90 per cent of the leased land has never been paid for or paid to Six Nations," according to a research document prepared by Six Nations. Many Freemasons were involved with the Simcoe patent and the Haldimand Proclamation. Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe stated that the Indians could not lease their land since British subjects could lease land only from British subjects. Freemason William Jarvis signed the Haldimand proclamation, Freemason Thomas Ridout surveyor-general was behind the Ridout survey, Freemason Sir Peregrine Maitland lieutenant governor informed them that they had no title to the northern part of the grant, Freemason John Butler acted as an agent of purchase on behalf of the government, Freemason chief John Brant) and Freemason Robert Johnson Kerr finally went to England to lobby on behalf of the Six Nations.
Freemasons King George IV, and King William IV, reigned from January 29 1820 to June 20 1837. The idea of residential school was brought forward by the Freemason Governor of Upper Canada, Sir Peregrine Maitland, within the context of a proposal he made in 1820 to the Colonial Office "for ameliorating the condition of the Indians in the neighbourhood of our settlements." Maitland's proposal contained most of the civilising concepts and techniques that would be adopted in the next three decades. The American Freemason, President Andrew Jackson succeeded in pushing the Indian Removal Act through the United States Congress in 1828 leading to the trail of tears. John Brant solicited help from the New England company to build the Mohawk institute, the first residential school in Canada. The mohawk institute operated from 1831 to June 27, 1970. John Brant appointed Rev. Abraham Nelles son of Freemason Robert Nelles as principal of the Mohawk Institute. Abraham after over 30 years was succeeded by Freemason Robert Ashton. Oronhyatekha aka Peter Martin was also a Freemason and played an important role in the development of the Mohawk Institute. The Arthur of the Historical sketch of the Barton Lodge, No. 6, G.R.C., A.F. and A.M., says “the name of Brother John Brant is connected with important events in the history of Canadian Masonry.” John Brant is responsible for the formation of at least 12 residential schools in Ontario, while Freemason Israel Powell the superintendent of Indian affairs in British Columbia Powell “was able to boast that the government had established seventeen Indian schools, one for each year in office.”. Powell sought to establish several boarding schools across the province and particularly pushed for creating a school in Kamloops to address communities in the province’s interior.The school opened in Kamloops in 1890 and became one of the largest residential schools operated by Indian Affairs. The Freemason Organisation is vicariously liable for all abuses in those residential schools.
In 1837 a Rebellion in Upper Canada was led by William Lyon Mackenzie, who was a fierce critic of Simcoe’s Family Compact, an elite clique of businessmen and many Freemasons. Mackenzie opposed a system of land grants that favored settlers from Britain. Many Freemasons such as William Botsford Jarvis and Sir Allen Napier Macnab who was Joint premier of the Province of Canada helped stop this rebellion. Sir Allen Macnab was succeeded by Freemason Sir John A. Macdonald as Joint Premier. This Rebellion of 1837, this triggered the 6th generation Freemason Lord Durham to write The Durham Report, he was appointed governor in chief of British North America. In his 1839 Report on the Affairs of British North America, he recommended that Upper and Lower Canada be united under a single Parliament, with responsible government. In 1863 a steamboat named the Brother Johnathan) carried smallpox from San Francisco to British Columbia killing 1/3rd of the Native population. Many Freemasons like Thomas Harris the first mayor of Victoria, Israel Wood Powell who served in the Victoria Rifle Volunteer Corps which was established to protect the colony from the indigenous population, Amor De Cosmos who was the extremely racist editor of The Daily British Colonist, and Ronald J. NcDonell clerk for magistrate Pemberton who forced The Nuu-chah-nulth to leave their camp, escorted by two gunboats. There are many many more who may have purposefully mishandled the smallpox epidemic of 1863. British freemason Edward Jenner created the life-saving smallpox vaccine but on the other hand Freemasons Jeffrey Amherst and Col Henry Bouquet have been accused of distributing smallpox contaminated blankets to their enemies.
As early as 1866 Israel W. Powell, with his colleague Amor De Cosmos, had proposed confederation with the Canadian colonies. Israel Wood Powell, Superintendent of Indian affairs also outlawed potlatching an indigenous ceremony In British Columbia. Following the Lord Durham’s report, Freemason Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon proposed The British North America Act, 1867 Under section 91(24) of the Constitution Act, 1867, the federal government has exclusive legislative authority for "Indians, and Lands reserved for the Indians." Of the 36 Fathers of the Canadian confederation, 11 were Freemasons. One being Freemason Sir John A. Macdonald, He was named by the United Grand Lodge of England as their Grand Representative near to the Grand Lodge of Canada. Sir John A. Macdonald took a page from American Freemason Andrew Jackson's book by removing the Indigenous people from their land. He was proud that he was able to subdue the Indigenous people with less blood shed than his American brethren. One Of Macdonald's Legacies is the Canadian Pacific Railway which displaced many tribes across Canada. Sir John A. Macdonald's campaign promise in the 1870s was that he would have a railway built that would link the country from coast to coast. Freemasons Richard Marpole, Sir Sandford Fleming, Sir George J.A. Bury And the Chinese Freemasons of Vancouver and Alberta made Macdonald’s promise come true. As quickly as the railroad was laid Freemason lodges were erected. Louis Riel a Métis hero, led two resistance movements against the Government of Canada and its Freemason Prime Minister, John A. Macdonald. Riel sought to defend Métis rights and identity. The Wolseley expedition was a military force authorized by Sir John A. Macdonald to confront Louis Riel and had been dispatched to Red River under Freemason Colonel Garnet Joseph Wolseley. Another of Mcdonald's legacies is the North West Mounted Police. Macdonald established the N.W.M.P in 1873 which boasted 750 Freemason members in its time. He claimed that “it was intended to have a body of mounted rifles to protect the people from the chance of an Indian war.’’ Meanwhile, The Pacific Scandal, the first major post-Confederation political scandal in Canada, Sir John Macdonald and senior members of his Conservative Cabinet were accused of accepting election funds for the contract to build the C.P rail.
The near completion of the railway allowed troops from eastern Canada to quickly arrive in the territory causing Riel to surrender to Canadian forces. The NWMP barracks was where Louis Riel was detained after his arrest in 1885 for leading the North-West Rebellion. Many Freemasons were involved in the defeat of Louis Riel. The RCMP museum had a display of the noose which hung Riel. Macdonald said this about Riel "He shall die though every dog in Quebec barks in his favor." John A. Macdonald is also one of the fathers of the Canadian Indian act First passed in 1876. In 1879 Freemason Nicholas Flood Davin wrote the Report on Industrial Schools for Indians and Half-Breeds, otherwise known as The Davin Report. An amendment to the Indian Act in 1894 under Freemason Prime Minister Sir Mackenzie Bowell, made attendance at day schools, industrial schools, or residential schools compulsory for First Nations children, resulting in over 100000 Indigenous children being forcefully removed from their families by Indian agents and the RCMP. From 1740 to 1896 The Mexican government's response to the various uprisings of the Yaqui tribe have been likened to genocide particularly under Freemason Porfirio Diaz. Due to slavery and massacre, the population of the Yaqui tribe in Mexico was reduced from 30,000 to 7,000 under Diaz's rule. One source estimates at least 20,000 out of these Yaquis were victims of state murders in Sonora. It was during this period of the conflict that the United States Army fought the last battle of the American Indian Wars, the final battle being the Wounded Knee Massacre December 29, 1890, and in the subsequent Drexel Mission Fight the next day. In recent history the statues of Freemason John A. Macdonald, Freemason Edward Cornwallis, Freemason George Washington, Freemason Lawrence Sullivan Ross, Freemason Robert E. Lee and Andrew Jackson have all been vandalized but no mention of their affiliation to the Freemasons in the news. We can't point fingers at the church or government without first confirming whether or not the accused are Freemasons. The Order of the Eastern Star, Job's Daughters, and Rainbow Girls are masonic fraternities for women such as the daughter, widow, wife, sister, or mother of a Master Mason. All masons will cry out that Freemasonry has nothing to do with what an individual member has done, yet they all praise these men and prop them up as heroes. Freemasons claim to have superior morality compared to the average person, that they are the most honorable men on the planet, yet they refuse to acknowledge their members role in the genocide of the Indigenous Americans.
You may believe Freemasons are irrelevant nowadays but that is far from true. Winston Churchill is regarded as one of the greatest wartime leaders of the 20th century. Churchill was initiated into Studholme Lodge No. 1591 on 24 May 1901. He said of the Pashtun people “all who resist will be killed without quarter,” Pashtun territory was occupied by the British in 1848 and divided into two areas. Winston Churchill's policies caused a famine that claimed more than 3 million Indian lives during the The Bengal famine of 1943. President Harry Truman, known as one of the most dedicated men to have joined Masonry on the morning of August 6, 1945, ordered an American B-29 bomber to drop two atomic bombs over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The two bombings killed between 129,000 and 226,000 people, most of whom were civilians. John Edgar Hoover, more commonly referred to as J. Edgar Hoover, was an American attorney and director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Hoover was raised on November 9th 1920 in Federal Lodge No. 1 in Washington D.C. In 1919 Hoover became the head of the Bureau of Investigation's (predecessor of the FBI) new General Intelligence Division. The division was also called the Radical Division because it was the task of the division to find radical elements in American society to monitor and disrupt their activities. The Duke of Kent was initiated as a Freemason in Royal Alpha Lodge No. 16 in London on 16 December 1963. The Duke of Kent, is now UGLE’s longest-serving Grand Master. The Duke’s brother, Prince Michael of Kent, is also a Freemason and is Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons, and Provincial Grand Master of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Middlesex. On 6 March 1953, HRH Prince Philip progressed to the Second Degree of Freemasonry, before advancing to the Third Degree on 4 May 1953.
I encourage those who have been affected by the actions of Freemasons to begin a class action lawsuit against this organization in what ever country, state or province you live in and hold Freemasonry accountable for genocide. The first thing a Freemason will say when presented with this evidence is you don't know how masonry operates, that the lodge is not responsible for individual members actions. That is exactly what the Catholic church said before the Canadian Court of Appeal on July 28, 2020 had found the Archdiocese vicariously liable for abuses committed by a civilian employee. I witnessed countless people stand up against the Catholic Church for what they have done and the Pope came to Canada and apologized. Now it's time to turn your sight toward Freemasonry. You must understand that all Freemasons on the American contenent have greatly benefited from the genocide of Indigenous Americans.
“ Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's acceptance of an inquiry's finding that Canada committed genocide against Indigenous people could have tremendous legal impact if a court ever weighs Ottawa's responsibility for crimes against humanity, experts say.”
"I didn't use the word genocide because it didn't come to mind but I described genocide," Pope Francis told reporters on the papal flight from Iqaluit to Rome on Friday.
“The very word "secrecy" is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths, and to secret proceedings. We decided long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it.”
President John F. Kennedy
“President Kennedy issued an Executive Order prohibiting use of facilities on military bases by groups not integrated. The result was to bar Masonic lodges from using the bases.” Masonic Parallels with History - A Chronology of General and Masonic History by Alphonse Cerza. themasonictrowel
Freemasonry in Nova Scotia
Freemasonry at the Two Sieges of Louisbourg 1745 and 1758
Freemasonry in Quebec
Sir William Johnson, the Brant family, the Kerr family and the British Indian Department
Mohawk Institute (Mush Hole)
The rebellion of 1837
Manitoba Freemasons
Saskatchewan Freemasons
North-West Rebellion
Provincial Premiers Alberta masons
The Canadian Pacific Railway
Smallpox epidemic of 1862
British Columbia Freemasons
Freemason Prime Ministers
American Freemasons and the genocide of the
Indigenous peoples.
Spanish Freemasons
Royal Freemasons
300 Years of Freemasonry Celebrated at Royal Albert Hall Global Event
Freemasonry according to Masons.
The Fourth Council of Toledo Canon 60 and Indian Residential Schools
submitted by nostone3241 to u/nostone3241 [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 18:36 paperclipknight Horizon 6 should be set in California

Probably jumping the gun massively (& I’m well aware Japan will be the peoples choice) but imho California is the best location for Horizon 6. It‘s big & varied enough to be able to operate in varied landscapes thus voiding peoples main gripe with, arguably the best in the series, Horizon 4 whilst being sufficiently different design to the worlds of H3&5 which are basically copy & paste jobs
I’m thinking bottom left hand corner San Diego (or LA) as the big city, north you get the central coast leading up to a scaled down version of SF (so you get the GG bridge) which then leads to the top idk 1/4 of the map being redwood forest.
Bottom 1/5 of the map would be desert & a with a Palm Springs analog, which transitions to the central valley farmland & then the Sierra Nevada’s taking up idk about 1/4 of the top part of the map - thus in turn giving us a reasonable sized section with snow come winter - with Yosemite squeezed in somewhere & I think we’d have the basis of a great map
What do yous think?
submitted by paperclipknight to ForzaHorizon [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 18:10 RoninOfTheStorm [MFAnyPlayingF] 浪人 — Ronin // Yakuza {Detailed/Advanced ; Craving Apoc. Plot}


I’m Ronin: a dice-rolling dork who plays ways too many RPGs and TTRPGs, owns way too many swords (mostly katana) and set of samurai armor, and has an appreciation for Akira Kurosawa. If you can’t tell, I have a deep interest in Japanese history and culture. Hence this particular thread!
I’m craving to write this bad boy yakuza character of mine. While a more in-depth character sheet will be linked below, here’s a short summary about him to get you interested:
Miyamoto, Ryusuke is the only son of Tokyo’s most infamous oyabun and heir to the largest yakuza crime syndicate in Japan. Rising within the city’s underground alongside his crew, Ryusuke is making a name for himself on the streets, and trying to step out of his father’s shadow.
And the character sheet (with a few additional writing samples of mine):
Miyamoto, Ryusuke
But before I get ahead of myself, here’s a bit about me and what I’m looking for:

Plots For Ryusuke

CRAVING: No Sunrise—the zombie apocalypse plot with my boys.
As a note, I am not married to these. If you have an idea you think would suit the character, feel free to pitch it to me! These are just some of my my own.
Take Me To Church
Ryusuke and your character used to date, but his increased involvement with his father’s syndicate strained their relationship, until it eventually broke. But now your character needs his help, and they have nowhere else to turn. Their friend / sister, who worked as a hostess, has disappeared, and the cops aren’t doing anything about it. Your character needs someone with underground connections to help find her; yet what they’re about to stick their noses into is another yakuza organization’s turf. The stakes are high.
The Arrangement
Your character is a famous popstar / actress / ect., who tries to escape the limelight for a night by diving into a small, hole-in-the-wall bar. A fellow patron becomes pushy, not only refusing to take no for an answer, but getting suspicious of your character’s true identity, so she acts fast by grabbing the nearest male and proclaiming him to be her boyfriend.
The lucky guy just happens to be Ryusuke, and an off duty journalist takes pictures of the famous actress and her new yakuza boy toy.
The tabloids have a field day. Not wanting to fan the fires further with the truth coming out or a sudden break-up, your character gets Ryusuke to agree to fake a relationship with her, at least until the storm of bad press passes.
No Sunrise
The outbreak happens within minutes; the city falls within hours. A virus causing the infected to turn into zombies — think All of Us are Dead — ravages Tokyo.
Our characters, a small group, are stuck together as everything crashes down. Maybe they’re strangers, or a group of friends with some secrets and recent bad blood; whatever the case, they happen to be in the same room, on ground zero, at the start of the end of the world. Whether if that room is a bar, apartment complex, or college campus — I’m open to any and all ideas.
Looking for someone willing to write multiple characters (I will be as well), and leaning toward our group knowing each other previously, with some recent drama between them that’s going to make relationships strained.


Like what you see? Then please send me a DM, along with a writing sample. You can find mine in Ryu’s character sheet link.
Thanks for stopping by!
submitted by RoninOfTheStorm to RoleplayPartnerSearch [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 18:09 bestopresto WCUCOM vs UNECOM

Help me decide!
WCUCOM pros: - very low tuition (46k) - low COL - great cadaver labs - P/F (internal ranking) - 8 weeks dedicated - pretty good match rates - heard great feedback from current students
WCUCOM cons - location: Mississippi (pretty far from home, can only take 4 hour flight) - few research opportunities - majority match in the south (I’m from the north) - far rotation sites
UNECOM pros - location: Portland, Maine. Can take a flight home or drive home (but it’s like 10 hours still) - P/F (internal ranking) - older, more established school - strong match rates - probably easier to match on the east coast near major cities
UNECOM cons: - higher tuition (64k, will be about 70k more over the 4 years) - extremely rigorous and stressful exam schedules (exams every Monday + at end of week) - heard admin is not the most supportive - less dedicated time - far rotation sites - TBL based (I don’t mind too much but I would prefer lecture based)
Unknown: - affiliation with teaching hospitals
View Poll
submitted by bestopresto to Osteopathic [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 17:58 AgentBathBomb Koudeiland location

Koudeiland is located just North of the Antarctic circle it is in the South Atlantic and Southern Ocean in between Agrentina and the South Sandwich Islands. Like it neighbors Antarctic peninsula and South Georgia Island, it is a geothermal island that lies on the same line as the Patagonian mountains. The country has rigid mountainous terrain. Koudeiland's capital and largest city is called Pinguïn Kreek, and only has one main highway connecting the city to the northwest part of the country. The almost the entire Southwestern coast is uninhabited due to the mountainous terrain and frozen fjords.
submitted by AgentBathBomb to Koudeilandic [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 17:38 stomodeb 23 [M4F] UK/Anywhere - Looking for someone special

Hey! I'm 23 and I live in the UK. As the title says, I'm looking for someone special. Someone that I can really connect with (or just someone that I can swap memes with).
I'm 6', I have dark blonde hair, green eyes, and I wear glasses.
My favourite movie is Inglorious Basterds. Some of my favourite TV shows are Better Call Saul, Doctor Who, Brooklyn Nine-Nine, and The Boys. I'm currently watching Arrested Development and I'm enjoying it so far. What are you watching at the moment?
I wouldn't say I'm a typical gamer, but I do occasionally enjoy playing video games, mainly Switch games, GTA V, Cities Skylines, and Minecraft.
A hobby that I've recently gotten into is collecting pens, both regular pens and fountain pens.
Late last year I moved into my own place, so I've been doing a lot of decorating. Also been getting into cooking so let me know if you've got any decent recipes I should try.
I live in north-west England, but also spend a lot of time on the south coast for work. I may take time to come out of my shell when we start talking, but I assure you I am eager to get to know you.
If I haven't bored you with my long post then you should shoot me a message! Tell me a bit about yourself, tell me a joke, use the worst pick up line you know, or send pet pics. I look forward to hearing from you!
submitted by stomodeb to r4r [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 17:25 andy-022 WCR Week 6: Boston College and Missouri Among Five Teams to Enter Rankings After Wild Weekend

WCR Week 6: Boston College and Missouri Among Five Teams to Enter Rankings After Wild Weekend submitted by andy-022 to collegebaseball [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 16:58 Rare_Improvement_241 Decolonization in Design and Governing

Decolonization in Design and Governing
This argumentative piece discusses the ideologies, constraints, positives, and negatives of decolonization. Decolonization refers to the movement of previously oppressed groups that go back to their original mannerisms, practices, and cultures; most groups that showed decolonization were often those from colonies that became independent of their colonizers.

Fig.1: Ironic English Protest

The most famous cases of decolonization appear hidden in plain sight, with some of the world's biggest countries showing scars of freedom fighting. The United States of America was not always united and free. In 1607, 104 Englishmen stepped onto the shores of middle North America. The British aimed to start a new settlement and further extend their roots to the furthest edges of the map. The British believed that their firepower and brute strength would overtake and overpower any existing post set up by other European countries and further be able to colonize any remaining native tribes who had maintained their independence thus far. The Native Indians are estimated to have arrived in America around 10,000 bc (Simonsen, 2006). These British people who settled in America became the new "Americans". They oppressed the Native Americans and fought them for their land leading to the First Native Indian War in 1609. The Native Americans were never defeated but suffered multiple casualties at the hands of the Americans. The Native Americans were close to losing the war towards the end of the 16th century but held off the Americans with their bows and arrows, stone clubs, spears, blow guns, and hatches. In the early 1700s, they were revolutionized and traded guns for goods with French, Italian, Belgian, and other significant European forces. Although Native Americans were not colonized, their ethics, practices, and arms were updated. They used the designs of oppressors to gain equality on the battlefield, fought the war for over 300 years, and were never fully controlled. When the war on Native Americans ended in 1924, they reverted from their colonial ways but kept using guns; what remained was their tribal and heritage-based home-building techniques, homemade, culture-filled weapons, notably the blowdart and bow and arrow, and their traditional Aztec prints (different to their camouflaged 300-year-old war attire) (Washburn, 2012).
In the areas of design in decolonization, the Native Americas proved that returning to their original roots was fulfilling and fruitful; they did not lose their culture and adapted to modern times to protect and stand their ground.

Fig. 2: Native Americans

Europeans (the Dutch) first inhabited Southern Africa in 1652. It was evident that their reasons for being there were not to colonize or to live in unison with the natives but rather to build a servicing port for ships and to farm on the rich African soils. Almost a decade later, the British arrived in 1661. The Europeans asserted dominance over the existing African tribes, forcing Africans to give up some of their heritage lands and be outcasts in new areas that were not their homes. For the next 300-odd years, countless wars broke out between the British, Dutch, and Southern African tribes. In the 1800s, Zulus adapted to the modern styles of fighting (similar to the previously-mentioned Native Americans) and put down their sticks, wooden weapons, and other fighting techniques and found guns to be more efficient. They also adapted to makeshift tent designs and sleeping solutions similar to the Europeans. Despite narrowly losing the war to the British during the Anglo-Zulu War, they used European designs to gain respect from the Europeans. Although oppressed, they had more peace than they had while coexisting in the same space as the Europeans.
In 1948, the apartheid regime began, and all people of colour were equally oppressed. The oppressed conformed to European ways of living but with fewer rights. They had no freedom to express their cultures and heritage through design, and European Gothic and Renaissance styles of Architecture were imminent throughout South Africa. Commercial buildings in CBDs and other areas of high business are plain and have very simplistic European facades. 1994 marked the end of the apartheid regime, and people of colour finally had equal rights. With that, their cultures began to thrive once again. Through fashion with cultural items such as animal prints, beaded goods, fancy feathered headwear, and other goods, African culture has imprinted on every race in South Africa; another race that embraced their fashion and culture was the Indians, who have pushed for fashion design and just like African (used as a vague, broad expression), has every race wearing it (Rovine, 2015). In architecture and the built environment, African culture can be represented by bright modern colours and unique patterns; their designs are slowly but surely making their way onto buildings as facades, decorative tiles, and finishes.

Fig. 3: South Africans Protesting against Inequality
While separating the art from the artist to some degree, the oppressed governing practices have quickly sent South Africa into poverty struck corrupted land; when looking at decolonization in terms of governing and control, although equal and free, it can be argued that since Africans have been reinstated back in control, the decolonizing of South Africa was detrimental (Hirsch, 2005). In design, Africa is thriving as a tourist hotspot as Africans have pushed their culture back out and into the world; by doing this, they have added depth to the South African culture and removed the dark monotone cloud that hung over South Africa's heritage.

Fig. 4: Constitutional Court of South Africa - Facade Design

In the mid-1600s, the British came across the remaining unexplored southern tip of Africa. It was once again a fight for them to reign power and authority over the native Venda people (Zimbabwe's leading and most prominent tribe). The British people fought for 300 years until a whole war broke out in then Rhodesia. The Rhodesian Bush War began between the Africans and Zulu in 1964 when the Africans opposed Rhodesian rule and oppression. The war became realistically winnable to the natives due to Zambia and Malawi gaining independence and the British Federation losing power in those countries. They used all the same tactics that they had learned as victims of their colonizers for the past 300 years; both sides used guns, knives, and bombs, and the fight was so equal that the war went on until 1979. The war ended in December, and by the first day of January 1980, the African people had already replaced the name Rhodesia with a new name that would fully represent their country, one that would go back to practicing Venda traditions of law and rule, viz. Zimbabwe (Gordon, 1981). Decolonization has previously shown that it is a positive idea with many advantages, but Zimbabwe was one of the significant cases of backlash.

Fig. 5: Zimbabweans with Arms Protesting White Governing
When Zimbabwe was restored to its original roots, Robert Mugabe became the prime minister in 1980 while Zimbabwe would still serve under partial British rule. Zimbabwe thrived for two years before Mugabe fired Joshua Nkomo (a member of the Zapu party) for accusing him of trying to overthrow the government; Mugabe enlisted North Korean trained soldiers to kill Nkomo's party off. In 1987, Mugabe merged forces with Nkomo and gained votes to become the president of Zimbabwe. Under Mugabe's decolonized rule, Africans gained more power in Zimbabwe than white people. Using pre-colonized rules, white people became a trophy-hunted commodity for the Africans. In 2000, Zimbabwe witnessed further bloodshed as white farm owners were slaughtered for their farms by squatters- the government supported these killings and abuse of power. In 2001, Zimbabwe opened up to the world about its financial problems as badly-run farms, poorly-maintained factories, and bank crashes caused the Zimbabwean dollar to drop quickly. Under decolonized governing, Zimbabwe was suspended by the Commonwealth and struggled with mass poverty and hunger. In 2005, an estimated 700,000 people were left homeless as the government orchestrated operation "clean-up" by destroying all street stalls and shacks. In 2008, the European Union and the United States declared full sanctions against Zimbabwe. In 2018, after 40 years of "independence", Zimbabwe changed the laws to give presidents a limited time of two terms in which they are allowed to serve a country.
The designs and systems established by Commonwealth law or any generic democratic ruling often allow countries to flourish or crash with equal fairness between government and citizens. Zimbabwe's recent history has shown that as good as decolonization may be; it may also cause years of bloodshed, a crashing economy, poverty, and famine.

Fig. 6: Zimbabweans Peacefully Protesting in 2020

In the early 1600s, the British landed on the warm sandy coast of Surat, India, solely intending to trade. Not long after, the British decided to dismiss their trade ideas with the Indians and instead do the trading of Indians and Indian goods. Despite not being under British Crown rule, India was oppressed and sapped of its people and goods. In 1858, the British officially declared that India's governing and control would come under British Crown rule whilst slowly easing off using Indians as enslaved people worldwide; they continued to trade cotton, tea, spices, indigo, silk, ivory, and marble deeply rooted in India's culture. Nearly 100 years after India served under British Crown rule, India broke free of the British and became independent, mainly through non-violent resistance promoted and endorsed by Mahatma Gandhi (Kale, 1998). India is still part of the Commonwealth, and the British heavily influenced their architecture (Cohen, 2001). However, after gaining independence, India went on a spree of building temples, shrines, and religious monuments. Since then, their unique culture can be seen in facades, tiles, gilded buildings, religious figures carved from stone, and other significant Indian designs (Scriver & Srivastava, 2016).
To inject more culture into the country, India is moving away from British glass box designs used as the blueprint for commercial buildings; they felt the buildings lacked depth. India identified decolonization as more than just using designs and input from pre-colonizing days. Instead, that design is a sense of unity and self-acceptance and has a much more robust and positive psychological effect on individuals. The past may have been better for India. However, by decolonizing design, they rediscovered their foundations and still give tourists and locals a feeling of rich heritage and culture from centuries ago, now in modern times.

Fig. 7: Indian Post-Oppression Bus Station Design

In Britain's reign for power worldwide, its biggest threat was China. Without slavery, stealing from oppressed countries, and other human rights violations, China thrived as an economic, cultural, and design hub. Britain sought to gain control of China's economic zones and initiated the First Opium war in 1839. Britain could only partially sabotage China because its population and brute armed forces ensured greater defense against colonization. Britain took control of an island off the coast of China and asserted British Crown rule over what would become Hong Kong. The British ruled Hong Kong for over a century and a half. The Hong Kong citizens did not resist oppression. They waited until Britain traded them back to China with the agreement that Hong Kong would not be decolonized and practice capitalist ideas and systems for 50 years after the handover (Wong, 2013).

Fig. 8: Hong Kong Citizens Demanding and Fighting for Democracy
While British architecture and design can be seen throughout Hong Kong, China explicitly tries to inject Chinese culture into the previously oppressed independent state. With Mandarin banners, bright red and yellow facades, and other Chinese symbols like dragons, China is singlehandedly decolonizing Hong Kong. The problem that arose with Hong Kong being handed over to another state was that Hong Kong never had its independence and always belonged to another country, never fully being able to practice its decolonization (Lim & Lim, 2007). While China is positively reinstating culture and heritage in Hong Kong, protestors continuously fight to make Hong Kong its own country.

Fig. 9: Proposed Building Facade Design from Mainland China

Throughout this argumentative essay, we discussed decolonization in governance, design, heritage, and culture. Decolonization in the world's history is proven to be primarily positive. However, care must be taken to avoid extreme decolonization, especially in areas of design, as we risk losing the richly-woven tapestries of design constructs that have metamorphosized through the centuries.
submitted by Rare_Improvement_241 to u/Rare_Improvement_241 [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 16:44 PinkNews Hozier slams ‘fear-mongering and scapegoating’ of drag queens: ‘Queer culture is revolutionary’

“Take Me To Church” hitmaker Hozier has taken aim at the rise of bigoted anti-drag bans in the US and praised the queer community for “standing up” against them. 🙌
submitted by PinkNews to lgbt [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 16:23 blueberrywaffles2000 MFM beliefs on me being Bi

Currently in a MFM and struggling. My spouse in nuanced but holds to the book of mormon and some doctrine... including lgbtq is a sin or unnatural. I'm bisexual, which he had know since we met. We've had fights about the church for a while now but this lady one crushed me. He says that he views being not straight as an affliction that will be healed. I felt hurt by that and told him and his response was that if I was turned straight that nothing would change in our relationship. That he wouldn't experience anything different. To me it seems like he didn't care how I feel about being turned straight but God it would affect him.
TLDR. My spouse believes that my bisexuality will be fixed in the afterlife and didn't see how that hurts me.
submitted by blueberrywaffles2000 to exmormon [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 16:03 kanemademedothis Moving from Portland, OR to the East coast. Help!!

Hi! Sorry for the long post, I just wanted to make sure our backgrounds were explained.
My husband (29) and me (25), are wanting to relocate preferably soon from Portland, OR to the East coast. I am originally from Spain, where we met and lived for three years. Unfortunately, employment there and opportunities are not great, so we decided to move here so he could have a better paying job (he's a software engineer working remotely) and I could have more opportunities outside of my field (English literature and language degree, Teaching Master's).
Unfortunately, Portland is wearing us out. The situation with the homeless is very out of control with nothing being done, and some of their mental health and drug issues is starting to make. many of them aggressive and intimidating. Downtown seems really dead because of this. We are looking at the East Coast because of affordability (Oregon is just new California with the prices of housing here), and because when I was there, about 10 years ago (I visited PA, NY and DC), I really liked it.
We are both outdoorsy, very relaxed and friendly people. I'm huge into reading, writing and fitness, and he has a side business repairing and selling bikes online, so we'd like to be able to find a community that fits that. We are not huge into nightlife or malls. All we need is a nice sushi place, a good coffee shop and a gym. We are looking to possibly rent (our budget it 1.7k tops) for a year when we relocate before buying a house with at least a quarter of an acre of property. We think a smaller city/town would fit our styles better but are open to ideas. Our main priorities would be somewhere green, mild-ish weather, with coffee shops to check out (even if we have to drive 15 minutes). I'd personally love a walkable nice downtown too since, coming from Spain, I miss walking around so much.
The places we have looking into are North Carolina (maybe Durham area? Heard good things about Charlotte too), Virginia, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island mainly. But I'd love to hear your opinions. We're really stuck wanting to leave here but can't go visit the east coast most likely before making the move.
Please help!
submitted by kanemademedothis to Virginia [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 15:47 randyjm Liberals whine that Iowa is becoming 'Florida of the North': 'Targeting the LGBTQ community' Fox News

Liberals whine that Iowa is becoming 'Florida of the North': 'Targeting the LGBTQ community' Fox News submitted by randyjm to GoRightNews [link] [comments]